Suicide and intentional self-harm

Suicide

Indicator Māori Non-Māori
Males Females Total Males Females Total
Table 33: Suicide rates, by age group and gender, Māori and non-Māori, 2010–12 [1]
Suicide mortality, all age groups, rate per 100,000, 2010–12 24.7
(21.6–28.0)
9.8
(8.0–12.0)
16.9
(15.1–18.8)
14.0
(13.1–14.9)
4.4
(4.0–5.0)
9.1
(8.6–9.6)
Suicide mortality, 15–24 years, rate per 100,000, 2010–12 52.4
(42.5–63.9)
29.2
(22.0–38.0)
40.7
(34.5–47.7)
23.5
(20.2–27.2)
7.4
(5.6–9.6)
15.6
(13.7–17.7)
Suicide mortality, 25–44 years, rate per 100,000, 2010–12 41.1
(33.3–50.2)
11.1
(7.4–15.9)
25.1
(20.9–29.9)
22.3
(19.9–24.9)
6.6
(5.4–8.0)
14.2
(12.8–15.6)
Suicide mortality, 45–64 years, rate per 100,000, 2010–12 20.6
(14.2–28.7)
4.2
(1.8–8.3)
11.9
(8.6–16.1)
21.6
(19.3–24.2)
7.4
(6.1–8.9)
14.4
(13.0–15.8)

Māori suicide rates were near twice as high as those of non-Māori in 2010–12 (RR 1.85, CI 1.64–2.10). The disparity was greater for females: Māori females were more than twice as likely as non-Māori females to commit suicide (RR 2.22, CI 1.76–2.81).

Males overall had significantly higher suicide mortality rates than females.

Young adults aged 15–24 years had the highest suicide rate.

Intentional self-harm

Indicator Māori Non-Māori
Males Females Total Males Females Total
Table 34: Intentional self-harm indicators, by age group and gender, Māori and non-Māori, 2012–14 [2]
Intentional self-harm hospitalisation, all age groups, rate per 100,000, 2012–14 76.3
(70.8–82.1)
129.9
(123.1–137.0)
103.0
(98.6–107.5)
51.6
(49.7–53.4)
122.2
(119.2–125.2)
86.6
(84.8–88.4)
Intentional self-harm hospitalisation, 15–24 years, rate per 100,000, 2012–14 135.5
(119.4–153.0)
293.3
(269.5–318.7)
213.5
(119.2–228.7)
107.6
(100.5–115.2)
323.9
(310.8–337.3)
212.9
(205.6–220.5)
Intentional self-harm hospitalisation, 25–44 years, rate per 100,000, 2012–14 131.2
(116.8–146.8)
148.5
(134.4–163.7)
140.5
(130.3–151.2)
72.2
(67.8–76.7)
133.1
(127.4–139.0)
103.6
(100.0–107.3)
Intentional self-harm hospitalisation, 45–64 years, rate per 100,000, 2012–14 72.0
(60.0–85.8)
98.0
(84.7–112.9)
85.8
(76.6–95.8)
63.5
(59.4–67.8)
85.0
(80.4–89.8)
74.6
(71.5–77.8)

Māori overall were significantly more likely than non-Māori to be hospitalised for intentional self-harm in 2012–14 (RR 1.19, CI 1.13–1.25).

The hospitalisation rates for intentional self-harm for women were twice as high as for men. Māori males were about 1.5 times as likely as non-Māori males to be hospitalised for intentional self-harm (RR 1.48, CI 1.36–1.61).

Young people in the 15–24 years age group had the highest rate of hospitalisation for intentional self-harm. Māori males in the 15–24 years and 25–44 years age groups had significantly higher rates of hospitalisation for intentional self-harm than non-Māori males in the same age groups.


1. Notes:

Source: Mortality Collection Data Set (MORT), Ministry of Health


2. Notes:

Source: National Minimum Data Set (NMDS), Ministry of Health

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