Neighbourhood deprivation

NZDep2013 is a small-area-based index providing a measure of neighbourhood deprivation, by looking at the comparative socioeconomic positions of small areas and assigning them decile numbers from 1 (least deprived) to 10 (most deprived). The index is based on 9 socioeconomic variables from the 2013 Census. It describes the general socioeconomic deprivation of an area. An area’s decile score does not necessarily mean all individuals living in that area experience an equivalent level of deprivation. Table 4 presents Māori and non-Māori populations in 2013 by deprivation decile.

Table 4: Populations by neighbourhood deprivation decile (NZDep 2013) and by gender, Māori and non-Māori, 2013 [1]
NZDep2013 decile Māori Non-Māori
Males Females Total Males Females Total
1 (least deprived) 11,457 11,385 22,845 194,241 202,266 396,504
2 14,346 14,424 28,773 193,155 202,428 395,583
3 16,047 15,957 32,004 186,231 195,495 381,726
4 18,345 18,825 37,173 178,188 187,359 365,547
5 22,002 22,704 44,706 173,019 182,469 355,488
6 25,911 26,937 52,848 166,347 176,040 342,387
7 30,252 31,575 61,827 159,444 170,121 329,565
8 36,840 39,594 76,434 150,816 161,703 312,522
9 47,565 53,163 100,728 139,296 148,344 287,640
10 (most deprived) 65,712 75,177 140,886 114,054 118,725 232,779
Unknown 159 222 381 4512 8553 13,068

Figure 4 shows that higher proportions of Māori live in areas with higher NZDep2013 scores; that is, in more deprived areas. In 2013, 23.5% of Māori lived in decile 10 areas (compared with 6.8% of non-Māori), while only 3.8% lived in decile 1 areas (compared with 11.6% of non-Māori).

Figure 4: Neighbourhood deprivation distribution (NZDep 2013), Māori and non-Māori, 2013 [2]

Title: Figure 4: Neighbourhood deprivation distribution (NZDep 2013), Māori and non-Māori, 2013


1. Notes:

  • Due to rounding, individual figures in this table do not add to give the stated totals.
  • Prioritised ethnicity has been used – see Ngā tapuae me ngā raraunga: Methods and data sources for further information.
  • ‘Unknown’ refers to the population for whom an NZDep2013 score was not ascertained.

Source: Atkinson et al 2014


2. Note: Crude rates and prioritised ethnicity have been used – see Ngā tapuae me ngā raraunga: Methods and data sources for further information.

Source: Atkinson et al 2014

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