The 2006 New Zealand Household Disability Survey estimated that 27,500 Māori (35.1 percent) aged 50 years or above living in New Zealand households were living with a disability*. This compares to 327,900 non-Māori (29.8 percent) in the same age group living with a disability.
According to the 2006 Disability Survey, the most common types of main disability** (at level 2) for both older Māori and older non-Māori were mobility, agility and hearing (Table 14). The rates of mobility and agility disability were higher for older Māori in both age groups compared with older non-Māori.
Refer to Disability and Māori in New Zealand in 2006 (Office for Disability Issues and Statistics New Zealand 2010) for more information about Māori with disabilities in New Zealand.
|50–64 years||65+ years|
|Type of main disability (level 2): Mobility (self-reported), 2006, percent||10.5||6.6||24.7||18.8|
|Type of main disability (level 2): Agility (self-reported), 2006, percent||5.4||3.8||8.1||6.7|
|Type of main disability (level 2): Hearing (self-reported), 2006, percent||4.8||5.6||6.3||7.7|
Source: 2006 New Zealand Household Disability Survey, Statistics New Zealand
Percent = percentage of all adults (in the relevant age group) living in households.
Prioritised ethnicity has been used see Ngā Tapuae me ngā Raraunga: Methods and data sources for further information.
‘Mobility’ includes people who have difficulty with or cannot: walk about 350 metres without resting; walk up or down a flight of stairs; carry an object as heavy as 5 kilograms for a 10-metre distance; move from room to room; or stand for periods longer than 20 minutes.
‘Agility’ includes people who have difficulty with or cannot: bend over to pick something up off the floor; dress or undress themselves; cut their own toe-nails; grasp or handle small objects like scissors; reach in any direction; cut their own food; or get themselves in or out of bed.
‘Hearing’ includes people who have difficulty hearing or cannot hear what is said in a conversation with one other person and/or in a conversation with at least three other people.
* ‘Disability’ was defined in the survey as any self-perceived limitation in activity resulting from a long-term condition or health problem lasting or expected to last six months or more and not completely eliminated by an assistive device.
** ‘Main disability’ is the disability the respondent considered limited their everyday activities most.