Māori health models
The Māori philosophy towards health is based on a wellness or holistic health model. For many Māori the major deficiency in modern health services is taha wairua (spiritual dimension).
Te Whare Tapa Whā: Mason Durie
The four cornerstones (or sides) of Māori health are whānau (family health), tinana (physical health), hinengaro (mental health) and wairua (spiritual health).
Te Wheke: Rose Pere
Another model of Māori health is based on Te Wheke, the octopus and the eight tentacles that collectively contribute to waiora or total wellbeing.
Te Pae Mahutonga: Mason Durie
Te Pae Mahutonga (Southern Cross Star Constellation) brings together elements of modern health promotion.