Information on COVID-19 for the border sector including specific guidance for the aviation and maritime sectors.
Last updated: 12 October 2021
On this page:
- Border worker vaccination
- Border worker testing
- Border Workforce Testing Register
- COVID-19 becomes a quarantinable disease
- Protecting yourself at the border
- Infection Prevention and Control guidance at the Air Border
- Border advisories
- Border Orders
- Saliva testing for border workers
- Testing for border workforce groups
- COVID-19 vaccines
- Border Worker Vaccination Order – guidance document for PCBUs and workers
The border, and those who work at it, are our front line of defence against COVID-19.
Vaccination is the best way to protect border workers, their whanau and the wider community. This is why the expanded Vaccinations Order requires people carrying out certain roles at the border to also be vaccinated.
The Pfizer/BioNTech vaccine is highly effective if people have both doses. That means, if you are exposed to the COVID-19 virus, you are far less likely to fall seriously ill or transmit the virus to others.
Almost everyone can have the COVID-19 vaccination. There are very limited medical reasons for not having the COVID-19 vaccine and other situations where vaccination should be done in a controlled environment.
The Immunisation Advisory Centre (IMAC) confirms the only medical reason for not having a COVID-19 vaccine is having a documented severe allergic reaction (anaphylaxis) to a previous dose of the mRNA-CV vaccine or any component of the vaccine.
Caution is required when there is documented severe allergic reaction (anaphylaxis) or complication (myocarditis, pericarditis) from the first dose of Pfizer COVID-19 vaccine. In this case seek guidance and advice from a specialist and IMAC,
Other hypersensitivities and allergic reactions are not contraindications in themselves, but other precautions such as vaccinating in a controlled environment should be considered.
Health professionals can view further advice on your HealthPathways COVID-19 Vaccination pathway.
We are aware of a small number of cases where medical practitioners have supported worker applications for exemptions, but may not have considered options such as vaccination in controlled environments.
The COVID-19 Response Minister can grant time-limited exemptions to being vaccinated for border workers, following a process led by Ministry of Transport.
These exemptions are granted largely based on the potential for significant supply chain disruption.
An unintended consequence of the exemption process is that the workplace has time to train or employ a vaccinated worker to do the work, which may place the exempted worker’s employment at risk.
Workers at the New Zealand border face higher risks of exposure to COVID-19 than most other workers. Regular testing is part of our rapid response to detect any cases so we can eliminate COVID-19. It protects the health of workers, their families and whānau and the wider community.
The Border Workforce Testing Register is a secure online tool developed by the Ministry of Health to assist PCBUs (Person Conducting Business or Undertaking) with their record keeping in respect of a border worker’s COVID-19 swabbing dates and testing activity.
The Register also records the vaccination status of border workers. To ensure worker privacy, the Register does not record the results of a test, only the date a swab was taken.
On 11 March 2020, ‘novel coronavirus capable of causing severe respiratory illness’ and ‘COVID-19’ was added to Part 3 of Schedule 1 of the Health Act 1956.
This means they are quarantinable diseases and the quarantinable disease provisions in the Health Act 1956 and the Epidemic Preparedness Act 2006 can be used if necessary.
- Advice to border sector: COVID-19 becomes a quarantinable disease – 6 July 2020 (Word, 269 KB)
- Advice to border sector: COVID-19 becomes a quarantinable disease – 6 July 2020 (PDF, 91 KB)
Border staff who work in areas with a high passenger flow should always follow the basic infection prevention and control principles to reduce the exposure to passengers with an acute respiratory infection. This is especially important if you are interacting with passengers or crew who have travelled from or through any overseas ports in the last 14 days.
This guidance provides information on personal protection for staff who work at the border.
- Prevention Control at the Air Border Interim Guidance (PDF, 231 KB)
- Prevention Control at the Air Border Interim Guidance (Word, 273 KB)
- Published 30 December 2020
The Ministry has produced guidance for airports, airlines and workers at the air border to assist passengers, crew and workers reduce the risk of contracting or transmitting COVID-19.
This document has been formulated using existing international guidance with regard to Infection Prevention and Control (IPC) and will continue to be reviewed by the Ministry to ensure it reflects best practice in IPC for COVID-19.
The Ministry issues Border Advisories to update the border sector on any changes to policies and processes, and to support resources and guidance provided for the sector. The Border Advisories are independent of, and additional to, Immigration border advice.
For Immigration-related advice please visit Covid-19 (Immigration New Zealand).
For up-to-date information go to the Ministry's COVID-19 landing page.