The following chart shows prevention, control and treatment measures to use with different pests.
|Mosquitoes||Empty and remove unnecessary containers of water. Screen or cover any cisterns or water tanks.||Drain and fill boggy areas and depressions. Repair damaged septic tanks, introduce top feeding fish into ornamental ponds.||Use a larvicide or light oil on ponds or still water. Spray a residual synthetic pyrethroid insecticide, eg, bifenthrin, permethrin, on outside breeding sites.|
A fly’s reproduction cycle takes approximately 1 week.
|Get rid of all rubbish and manure. Fit doors and windows with screens.||Use knockdown sprays, eg, Raid®, Mortein®, for immediate control||Spray walls, ceilings and window frames and vegetation, especially near rubbish containers with a synthetic pyrethroid spray, eg, alpha-cypermethrin, deltamethrin, permethrin|
Cockroaches live and breed in moist dark places, eg, under refrigerators, in cupboards and pantries. Outdoors they live in piles of debris or rubbish.
|Clean everything frequently, especially kitchens and dining rooms where food is handled.||Remove potential breeding sites. Treat any infestation promptly.||Use sticky board traps to monitor the extent of the cockroach population. Spray a residual synthetic pyrethroid into places where cockroaches hide. Employ a trained, qualified operator to apply baits. Use aerosol sprays of pyrethrum to flush the insects from their hiding places in heavy infestations.|
|Fleas, lice, ticks||Cut grass frequently and get rid of weeds. Keep carpets and furnishings clean. Check and treat pets regularly.||Use synthetic pyrethroids for infested areas inside and outside, infested clothes, blankets, mattresses and other bedding.||Wash clothing and bedding or sterilise by dry heat or steam using commercial equipment. Treat bed springs and supports with synthetic pyrethroid insecticide, eg, permethrin, deltamethrin, cypermethrin.|
|Bed bugs||Inspect beds and bedding regularly||Apply an insecticide to baseboards and mouldings, wall crevices, bedsteads, springs and mattresses. Do not soak mattresses or treat infant bedding or cribs.||Use residual sprays containing pyrethroids, eg, permethrin, deltamethrin, cypermethrin. If required, employ a qualified pest management technician to advise and monitor a bedbug control program.|
Rats and mice carry disease, eat and contaminate food and cause structural damage.
|Store food carefully and get rid of all rubbish. Proof all holes and accesses to buildings.||Use traps and anti-coagulant baits because of their low level of toxicity for humans, eg, brodifacoum, bromadiolone, difethialone, flocoumafen. Remove sources of food and water.||If required, employ a qualified pest management technician to advise and monitor toxic baits.|