Neonatal BCG is recommended and funded for infants at increased risk of TB, deﬁned as those who:
- will be living in a house or family/whānau with a person with either current TB or a history of TB
- have one or both parents or household members or carers who within the last five years lived for a period of six months or longer in countries with a TB rate ≥40 per 100,000
- during their ﬁrst ﬁve years will be living for three months or longer in a country with a TB rate ≥40 per 100,000.
See Table A8.1 below for a list of high-incidence TB countries (those with a TB rate ≥40 per 100,000).
Key: AFR = Africa; AMR = The Americas; EMR = Eastern Mediterranean; EUR = Europe; SEA = South East Asia; WPR = Western Pacific.
- Rate is the estimated incidence (all forms) per 100,000 population.
- Cases are the estimated number of incident cases (all forms).
Source: WHO TB Burden Estimates 2018 data available at WHO. 2018. Tuberculosis (TB) (accessed 3 July 2020).