Appendix 8: High-incidence TB countries

Neonatal BCG is recommended and funded for infants at increased risk of TB, defined as those who:

  • will be living in a house or family/whānau with a person with either current TB or a history of TB
  • have one or both parents or household members or carers who within the last five years lived for a period of six months or longer in countries with a TB rate ≥40 per 100,000
  • during their first five years will be living for three months or longer in a country with a TB rate ≥40 per 100,000.

See Table A8.1 below for a list of high-incidence TB countries (those with a TB rate ≥40 per 100,000).

Table A8.1: Countries with tuberculosis rate of ≥40 per 100,000 population (2018 WHO estimates)

Country

WHO region

Ratea

Casesb

Afghanistan

EMR

189

70,000

Algeria

AFR

69

29,000

Angola

AFR

355

109,000

Azerbaijan

EUR

63

6,300

Bangladesh

SEA

221

357,000

Benin

AFR

56

6,500

Bhutan

SEA

149

1,100

Bolivia (Plurinational State of)

AMR

108

12,000

Botswana

AFR

275

6,200

Brazil

AMR

45

95,000

Brunei Darussalam

WPR

68

290

Burkina Faso

AFR

48

9,500

Burundi

AFR

111

12,000

Cabo Verde

AFR

46

250

Cambodia

WPR

302

49,000

Cameroon

AFR

186

47,000

Central African Republic

AFR

540

25,000

Chad

AFR

142

22,000

China

WPR

61

866,000

China, Hong Kong SAR

WPR

67

4,900

China, Macao SAR

WPR

60

380

Congo

AFR

375

20,000

Côte d’Ivoire

AFR

142

36,000

Democratic People’s Republic of Korea

SEA

513

131,000

Democratic Republic of the Congo

AFR

321

270,000

Djibouti

EMR

260

2,500

Dominican Republic

AMR

45

4,800

Ecuador

AMR

44

7,400

El Salvador

AMR

70

4,500

Equatorial Guinea

AFR

201

2,600

Eritrea

AFR

89

3,100

Eswatini

AFR

329

3,700

Ethiopia

AFR

151

165,000

Fiji

WPR

54

480

Gabon

AFR

525

11,000

Gambia

AFR

174

4,000

Georgia

EUR

80

3,200

Ghana

AFR

148

44,000

Greenland

EUR

100

56

Guam

WPR

49

82

Guinea

AFR

176

22,000

Guinea-Bissau

AFR

361

6,800

Guyana

AMR

83

640

Haiti

AMR

176

20,000

India

SEA

199

2,690,000

Indonesia

SEA

316

845,000

Iraq

EMR

42

16,000

Kazakhstan

EUR

68

12,000

Kenya

AFR

292

150,000

Kiribati

WPR

349

400

Kyrgyzstan

EUR

116

7,300

Lao People’s Democratic Republic

WPR

162

11,000

Lesotho

AFR

611

13,000

Liberia

AFR

308

15,000

Libya

EMR

40

2,700

Lithuania

EUR

44

1,200

Madagascar

AFR

233

61,000

Malawi

AFR

181

33,000

Malaysia

WPR

92

29,000

Mali

AFR

53

10,000

Marshall Islands

WPR

434

250

Mauritania

AFR

93

4,100

Micronesia (Federated States of)

WPR

108

120

Mongolia

WPR

428

14,000

Morocco

EMR

99

36,000

Mozambique

AFR

551

162,000

Myanmar

SEA

338

181,000

Namibia

AFR

524

13,000

Nauru

WPR

54

6

Nepal

SEA

151

42,000

Nicaragua

AMR

41

2,600

Niger

AFR

87

19,000

Nigeria

AFR

219

429,000

Niue

WPR

71

1

Northern Mariana Islands

WPR

95

54

Pakistan

EMR

265

562,000

Palau

WPR

109

20

Panama

AMR

52

2,200

Papua New Guinea

WPR

432

37,000

Paraguay

AMR

43

3,000

Peru

AMR

123

39,000

Philippines

WPR

554

591,000

Republic of Korea

WPR

66

34,000

Republic of Moldova

EUR

86

3,500

Romania

EUR

68

13,000

Russian Federation

EUR

54

79,000

Rwanda

AFR

59

7,300

São Tomé and Príncipe

AFR

124

260

Senegal

AFR

118

19,000

Sierra Leone

AFR

298

23,000

Singapore

WPR

47

2,700

Solomon Islands

WPR

74

480

Somalia

EMR

262

39,000

South Africa

AFR

520

301,000

South Sudan

AFR

146

16,000

Sri Lanka

SEA

64

14,000

Sudan

EMR

71

30,000

Tajikistan

EUR

84

7,600

Thailand

SEA

153

106,000

Timor-Leste

SEA

498

6,300

Turkmenistan

EUR

46

2,700

Tuvalu

WPR

270

31

Uganda

AFR

200

86,000

Ukraine

EUR

80

36,000

United Republic of Tanzania

AFR

253

142,000

Uzbekistan

EUR

70

23,000

Vanuatu

WPR

46

130

Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of)

AMR

48

14,000

Vietnam

WPR

182

174,000

Yemen

EMR

48

14,000

Zambia

AFR

346

60,000

Zimbabwe

AFR

210

30,000

Key: AFR = Africa; AMR = The Americas; EMR = Eastern Mediterranean; EUR = Europe; SEA = South East Asia; WPR = Western Pacific.

  1. Rate is the estimated incidence (all forms) per 100,000 population.
  2. Cases are the estimated number of incident cases (all forms).

Source: WHO TB Burden Estimates 2018 data available at WHO. 2018. Tuberculosis (TB) (accessed 3 July 2020).

Back to top