All ships arriving in New Zealand from overseas are liable for quarantine, and must receive pratique in order to commence operations in New Zealand.
Prior to granting pratique a Medical Officer of Health or Health Protection Officer, under section 101 of the Health Act 1956, may board any ship liable for quarantine and inspect it for the purposes of ascertaining whether any infectious disease exists on the ship. Under section 107 of that Act, the Medical Officer of Health or Health Protection Officer must grant pratique if satisfied that no quarantinable disease exists on board.
Under section 94 of the Health Act 1956 the Minister may from time to time, by notice in the Gazette, declare any specified portion of any harbour to be a place of inspection to which ships liable to quarantine shall be taken while awaiting inspection by the Medical Officer of Health or Health Protection Officer (a quarantine inspection place). The Minister has delegated this power to the Director of Public Health (or Chief Medical Officer) of the Ministry of Health.
On 28 August 2014 the Health (Quarantine Inspection Places) Notice 2014 was published in the New Zealand Gazette.
This Notice updated the list of quarantine inspection places and revoked the previous notice Health (Quarantine Inspection Places) Notice 2005.
The current list of quarantine inspection places is repeated below:
|Place of inspection||Description|
|Auckland Harbour, Motuihe Channel||Within the area bounded by straight lines from the west point of Browns Island 008° to the shore of Rangitoto Island; then 083° to Emu Point, Motutapu Island; then 139° to the shore of Motuihe Island; then 232° to Musick Point; then to the south point of Browns Island; then by high water mark the shortest distance to the point of commencement.|
|Auckland Waitemata Harbour||In the navigable areas contained between a line drawn from the light on Orakei Wharf (occulting red every 6 seconds), 355° to North Head and a line drawn 035° from the head of Wynard Wharf to the light known as Bayswater light beacon (flashing red every 3 seconds). Anchorage number 10 is at position 36 42.0S 174 54.0E.|
|Bluff Harbour||In the open roadstead within the navigable area enclosed by a circle having a radius of 3 miles from the flagstaff on Stirling Point, or in any other position indicated by the Southland Harbour authorities on any occasion having regard to weather conditions.|
|Gisborne Harbour||In the anchorage position as marked on chart NZ5571 approximately 2 miles north of Young Nicks Head.|
|Lyttleton Harbour||In a position 2.4 miles northeast by north from Godley Head at 52° 33.0 minutes south and 172° 50.0 minutes east.|
|Napier Harbour||In a position with Westshore Light bearing 266° 5.35 miles.|
|Nelson Harbour||In a position with Boulder Bank Old Light House bearing 158° 2.05 miles.|
|Oamaru Harbour||In a position 2 miles distant from South Head light structure indicated by the intersection of South Head light structure 253° and the head of the Breakwater 263°.|
|Opua, Bay of Islands Harbour||In the navigable area off Russell, Bay of Islands, lying between Tapeka Point 090° and the southern extremity of Kororareka Point 090° and eastward of the dredged channel leading beacons.|
|Otago Harbour||In a position with Taiaroa Head lighthouse bearing 160° 3.2 miles or in any other position indicated by the Otago Harbour authorities on any occasion having regard to weather conditions.|
|Picton Harbour||The area west of Mabel Island, taken from the western-most point: in a direction of 225° to the foreshore; in a direction of 347° for a distance of 2.65 cables (0265 miles), thence in a direction of 220.5° to the foreshore in Shakespeare Bay (as shown on charts NZ 6153 and NZ 6154) and applies to vessels of up to 120m in length.|
|Port Taranaki||In the open roadstead within the navigable area enclosed within the arc of a circle having a radius of 2 miles from the light tower on Mikotahi, or in such other position as may be indicated by the Taranaki Harbour authorities.|
|Taharoa Harbour||At the loading buoy at Taharoa in position latitude 38° 17'S, longitude 174 ° 500'E.|
|Tauranga Harbour||In a position 075° 3.25 miles from the Mount Maunganui main light (flashing every 15 seconds), that is in a position 37°36.8′S, 176°14.3′E.|
|Timaru Harbour||In a position with the Timaru Harbour Eastern Extension Light (flashing red every 5 seconds) bearing 300° 2.4 miles or in any other position indicated by the Timaru Harbour authorities on any occasion having regard to weather conditions.|
|Wanganui Harbour||In the open roadstead at a position with the signal station 031° in 18.3 metres of water at M.L.W.S., or any other position within a radius of 3 miles of the flagstaff indicated by the Wanganui Harbour authorities on any occasion having regard to weather conditions and vessel size (unable to accept vessels longer then 80m and with a draught of more than 4.5m).|
|Wellington Harbour||That area of the harbour contained within a circle of radius 0.2 miles having as its centre a point bearing 347° 0.56 miles from Point Jerningham Lighthouse or any other position within Wellington Harbour indicated by the Wellington Harbour authorities on any occasion having regard to weather conditions.|
|Whangarei Harbour||In the area marked Anchorage Area A, 1.5 miles south of Bream Head (as marked on chart NZ 5214) or in any other position indicated by the Whangarei Harbour authorities on any occasion having regard to weather conditions.|